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The rise of emerging markets in a globalized environment has challenged conventional expectations about employment prospects, which historically have usually been shaped by academic scholarship from researchers in developed countries. By contrast, in Brazil the expansion of formally protected jobs has taken place alongside a generalized shortage of occupational opportunities elsewhere. In the new millennium, advances in social and welfare policies in Brazil have increased significantly along with employment opportunities in a more flexible labor market. Unlike other places where that trend has given rise to or accompanied a dismantling of welfare systems, Brazil’s example challenges common wisdom that a decrease in worker benefits and social services necessarily accompanies an increase in flexibility in labor markets.
Sponsored by the Department of Anthropology, the Latin American and Latino Studies Program, and the Year of Brazil.